As one of the Red Cross National Societies located in Americas, the region is a priority for the Canadian Red Cross. CRC supports National Societies to implement community-based health care for mothers and children, disaster risk management and violence prevention programming to strengthen community resilience. CRC supports the training and mobilization of Red Cross staff, volunteers and communities to increase emergency preparedness and response, working in direct coordination with government to provide needed humanitarian services and to reduce vulnerability.
Bolivia is a landlocked country located in South America. With one out of eight Bolivians living on less than US$1.25/day, it is the poorest country in this region. The most vulnerable population are women and children living in rural areas, as well as indigenous people who make up 65 per cent of the population.
The Dominican Republic is located in the Caribbean on Hispanola, an island it shares with Haiti. In 2010, 35 per cent of the population were living in poverty and 10 per cent earned less than two dollars per day. This small country of over 10 million people experiences recurring disasters and a constant threat of hurricanes and floods.
Colombia faces many challenges such as poverty and high rates of inequality, natural disasters and a recent history of extreme levels of violent internal conflict.
Guyana is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, ranking 117 out of 187 countries on the United Nations Development Programme’s human development index. Furthermore, 35 per cent of the population lives in poverty (2006) while 18 percent earn less than 2 dollars per day.
The Canadian Red Cross has taken a holistic approach in responding to the January 2010 earthquake that devastated Haiti. In addition to sharing expertise and resources with the Haitian Red Cross to help build its capacity to respond to future disasters, we are working alongside communities to develop programming that best fits their needs.
Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and ranks 121st out of 187 on the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Index. Although in recent years economic growth has been as high as 7% per year – one of the highest growth rates in Latin America - the financial crisis and the June 2009 coup d’état slowed the export-based economy.
Jamaica is an island country in the Caribbean region. This country of almost 2.7 million people is prone to a growing frequency of natural disasters including landslides, hurricanes, floods, droughts and earthquakes.
Nicaragua is the second poorest country in the Americas, ranking 129 out of 187 countries on the United Nations Development Programme's 2011 human development index. Nearly one out of six Nicaraguans live on less than US$1.25/day.