In Ethiopia, a plea for help
Holding her youngest daughter with one hand and carrying a 20-litre jerry can full of water with the other, Abebech Ayanu struggles under its weight to make the short walk home.
With drought conditions having shifted from northern Ethiopia to the southern district of Kindo Koysha where Abebech lives with her family, she does not want to spill a drop of this precious commodity.
“The drought has affected my family, my children, my husband. My husband went to work on the road construction as a daily labourer because there is nothing to cultivate. There is no rain and there is nothing to grow,” explains Abebech, as her cattle scour the arid ground for something to eat.
“Before we used to sow maize but since more than one year ago, there has been no rain, so no cultivation. Some of my livestock have already died. My children are now starving and there is no water.”
Like all droughts, this one has been a long time coming. According to farmers here, rains have been coming progressively later in the season for years and, in 2015, began failing altogether. Unable to sow crops, families have now used up their stockpiles of food. Having traded in his farming tools for a shovel as he works as a daily labourer on the local road construction, Abebech’s husband earns 35 Ethiopian Birr ($2.00) per day. With prices of staple food rising at the market, the money does not go far.
“To get some cereal grains from the market has become very expensive,” says Abebech. “To buy them, I want to sell my cattle but there is no market for them.”
The mother of five had returned to school to complete her grade 5 but has dropped out because of the drought. Her children too, are often kept home. “The drought has affected the health of my children quite a bit. They are not able to go to school because they are tired. Even if they go, when they return, I have nothing to feed them.”
Since late February, the Ethiopian Red Cross Society has been transporting water into numerous villages, including Abebech’s. With only one truck due to limited resources, communities are reached once every four days, sometimes longer.
The Canadian Red Cross, working with the British Red Cross, in support of the Ethiopian Red Cross Society, is helping expand the distribution of emergency water through the use of three trucks to close to 29,000 people in Kindo Koysha, and installing 14 storage tanks. Prior to the start of the operation, a family of five received 40 litres of water, which they share with their livestock. As of June 12, staff and volunteers had delivered 2.22 million litres of water.
As she washes her youngest daughter – without soap as she cannot afford it – Abebech worries about not being able to provide for her family. “Sometimes I feel like I would just like to disappear from here so that I don’t see my children suffering. But I just can’t leave them. So, I pray to God to bring better times.”
The Canadian Red Cross has launched a public appeal to help support the estimated 20 million people across Africa who are facing devastating levels of food insecurity.
Reach, Response, Resilience
Since 2015, failed rains, combined with the El Nino weather phenomenon in 2016, have resulted in almost every part of Ethiopia experiencing below average rainfall.
The drought has now shifted from the north to the south and southeast, with an estimated 7.78 million people in need of emergency humanitarian support.
Farmers have not been able to sow their crops, their livestock, upon which they rely for their livelihoods, are dying, and food stockpiles have been depleted.
Since late February, the Ethiopian Red Cross Society has been trucking in water to several communities in the district of Kindo Koysha. What started as a plan to assist 8 kebeles (collection of villages), quickly jumped to 16 as the needs increased. As of June 12, Ethiopia Red Cross Society had distributed 2.22 million litres of water.
The Canadian Red Cross, working with the British Red Cross, in support of the Ethiopian Red Cross Society, has launched a six-month project (through October 2017) to expand the provision of emergency water using three trucks to reach 29,000 people in 16 kebeles. Fourteen water storage tanks will also be installed; fodder and medication will be provided to approximately 175,000 livestock to prevent deaths and disease.
The Red Cross Red Crescent Approach
A crisis of this magnitude demands a massive response.
Drawing on unique mandates under International Humanitarian Law, the Red Cross and Red Crescent has been able to foster trust with parties to various conflicts that are at the heart of some of these crises. That trust, along activating deep community networks, means the Red Cross is able to access the most vulnerable.
A significant portion of affected people are in communities that are difficult to access, because they are cut off by conflict, are isolated from government services, or are in areas that are otherwise hard to reach. These communities are also to be amongst those the Red Cross is targeting.
The Red Cross does not just work where it is easy, where the risks are lowest, where others are already present; the Red Cross works in the last mile.
The last mile is where people in remote communities suffer with destitution, exclusion and insecurity, where people are struggling to cope with little or no access to a minimum of life-saving goods and services.
Moving forward, the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement has three key priorities – reach, response, resilience:
- Delivering relief in hard-to-reach and underserviced areas so that people are not left behind.
- Community-based health response to prevent and treat malnutrition and infectious disease outbreaks such as measles.
- Supporting Red Cross volunteers and staff working with local people to build community resilience through programmes that restore dignity, strengthen food security and support long-term development, such as cash, livelihoods, and water, sanitation and hygiene.
Being there, when it matters most
Addressing a deadly outbreak in the middle of a food crisis